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  • Elvis Presley, Buddy Holly, Joe Ely, and the Cotton Club

    By Johnny Hughes

    Elvis Presley was leaning a against his pink 1954 Cadillac in front of Lubbock, Texas’ historic Cotton Club. The small crowd were mesmerized by his great looks, cockiness, and charisma. He put on quite a show, doing nearly all the talking. Elvis bragged about his sexual conquests, using language you didn’t hear around women. He said he’d been a truck driver six months earlier. Now he could have a new woman in each town. He told a story about being caught having sex in his back seat. An angry husband had grabbed his wife by the ankles and pulled her out from under Elvis. I doubted that.

    Earlier, at the Fair Park Coliseum, Elvis had signed girls’ breasts, arms, foreheads, bras, and panties. No one had ever seen anything like it. We had met Elvis’ first manager, Bob Neal, bass player Bill Black and guitarist Scotty Moore. They wanted us to bring some beer out to the Cotton Club. So we did. My meeting with Bob Neal in 1955 was to have great meaning in my future. I was 15.

    The old scandal rag, Confidential, had a story about Elvis at the Cotton Club and the Fair Park Coliseum. It had a picture of the Cotton Club and told of Elvis’ unique approach to autographing female body parts. It said he had taken two girls to Mackenzie Park for a tryst in his Cadillac.

    Elvis did several shows in Lubbock during his first year on the road, in 1955. When he first came here, he made $75. His appearance in 1956 paid $4000. When he arrived in Lubbock, Bob Neal was his manager. By the end of the year, Colonel Tom Parker had taken over. Elvis played the Fair Park Coliseum for its opening on Jan 6th with a package show. When he played the Fair Park again, Feb 13th, it was memorable. Colonel Tom Parker and Bob Neal were there. Buddy Holly and Bob Montgomery were on the bill. Waylon Jennings was there. Elvis was 19. Buddy was 18.

    Elvis’ early shows in Lubbock were:
    Jan 6th 1955, Fair Park Coliseum. Feb 13th. Fair Park, Cotton Club April 29 Cotton Club June 3: Johnson Connelly Pontiac, Fair Park October 11: Fair Park October 15: Cotton Club, April 10, 1956: Fair Park. Elvis probably played the Cotton Club on all of his Lubbock dates.

    Buddy Holly was the boffo popular teenager of all time around Lubbock. The town loved him! He had his own radio show on Pappy Dave Stone’s KDAV, first with Jack Neal, later with Bob Montgomery in his early teens. KDAV was the first all-country station in America. Buddy fronted Bill Haley, Marty Robbins, and groups that traveled through. Stone was an early mentor. Buddy first met Waylon Jennings at KDAV. Disk jockeys there included Waylon, Roger Miller, Bill Mack, later America’s most famous country DJ, and country comedian Don Bowman. Bowman and Miller became the best known writers of funny country songs.

    All these singer-songwriters recorded there, did live remotes with jingles, and wrote songs. Elvis went to KDAV to sing live and record the Clover’s "Fool, Fool Fool" and Big Joe Turner’s "Shake Rattle and Roll" on acetates. This radio station is now KRFE, 580 AM, located at 66th and MLK, owned by Wade Wilkes. They welcome visitors. It has to be the only place that Elvis, Buddy, Waylon, and Bill Mack all recorded. Johnny Cash sang live there. Waylon and Buddy became great friends through radio. Ben Hall, another KDAV disc jockey and songwriter, filmed in color at the Fair Park Coliseum. This video shows Johnny Cash, Carl Perkins, Elvis, Buddy and his friends.

    Wade’s dad, Big Ed Wilkes, owner of KDAV, managed country comedian Jerry Clower, on MCA Records. He sent Joe Ely’s demo tape to MCA. Bob Livingston also sent one of the tapes I gave him to MCA. This led to a contract. Pappy Dave Stone, the first owner of KDAV, helped Buddy get his record contract with Decca/MCA.

    Another disc jockey at KDAV was Arlie Duff. He wrote the country classic, "Y’all Come." It has been recorded by 19 well-known artists, including Bing Crosby. When Waylon Jennings and Don Bowman were hired by the Corbin brothers, Slim, Sky, and Larry, of KLLL, Buddy started to hang around there. They all did jingles, sang live, wrote songs, and recorded. Niki Sullivan, one of the original Crickets, was also a singing DJ at KLLL. Sky Corbin has an excellent book about this radio era and the intense competition between KLLL and KDAV. All the DJs had mottos. Sky Corbin’s was "lover, fighter, wild horse rider, and a purty fair windmill man."

    Don Bowman’s motto was "come a foggin’ cowboy." He’d make fun of the sponsors and get fired. We played poker together. He’d take breaks in the poker game to sing funny songs. I played poker with Buddy Holly before and after he got famous. He was incredibly polite and never had the big head. The nation only knew Buddy Holly for less than two years. He was the most famous guy around Lubbock from the age of fourteen.

    Niki Sullivan, an original Cricket, and I had a singing duo as children. We cut little acetates in 1948. We also appeared several times on Bob Nash’s kid talent show on KFYO. This was at the Midway Theatre. Buddy Holly and Charlene Hancock, Tommy’s wife, also appeared on this show. Larry Holley, Buddy’s brother, financed his early career, buying him a guitar and whatever else he needed. Buddy recorded twenty acetates at KDAV from 1953 until 1957. He also did a lot of recording at KLLL. Larry Holley said Niki was the most talented Cricket except Buddy. All of Buddy’s band mates and all of Joe Ely’s band mates were musicians as children.

    Buddy and Elvis met at the Cotton Club. Buddy taught Elvis the lyrics to the Drifter’s "Money Honey". After that, Buddy met Elvis on each of his Lubbock visits. I think Elvis went to the Cotton Club on every Lubbock appearance. When Elvis played a show at the Johnson Connelly Pontiac showroom, Mac Davis was there. I was too.

    The last time Elvis played the Fair Park Coliseum on April 10,1956, he was as famous as it gets. Buddy Holly, Sonny Curtis, Jerry Allison, and Don Guess were a front act. They did two shows and played for over 10,000 people. Those wonderful I.G. Holmes photos, taken at several locations, usually show Buddy and his pals with Elvis. Lubbock had a population of 80,000 at the time. Elvis was still signing everything put in front of him. Not many people could have signing women as a hobby.

    Many of the acetates recorded at KLLL and KDAV by Buddy and others were later released, many as bootlegs. When Buddy Holly recorded four songs at KDAV, the demo got him his first record contract. It wasn’t just Lubbock radio that was so supportive of Buddy Holly. The City of Lubbock hired him to play at teenage dances. He appeared at Lubbock High School assemblies and many other places in town.

    Everyone in Lubbock cheered Buddy Holly on with his career. The newspaper reports were always positive. At one teenage gig, maybe at the Glassarama, there was only a small crowd. Some of us were doing the "dirty bop". The Lubbock Avalanche-Journal had photos the next day showing people with their eyes covered with a black strip. Sonny Curtis mentions that in his song, "The Real Buddy Holly Story." When Buddy Holly and the Crickets were on the Ed Sullivan show, the newspaper featured that. The whole town watched.

    Buddy was fighting with his manager Norman Petty over money before he died. They were totally estranged. Larry Holley told me that Norman said to Buddy, "I’ll see you dead before you get a penny." A few weeks later, Buddy was dead. When Buddy Holly died in a plane crash, it was headline news in the Lubbock Avalanche-Journal. Over 1000 people attended the funeral on February 7, 1959. Buddy was only twenty-two years old. His widow, Maria Elena Holly, was too upset to attend. The pall bearers were all songwriters and musicians that had played with Buddy: Niki Sullivan, Jerry Allison, Joe B. Mauldin, Sonny Curtis, Bob Montgomery, and Phil Everly. Elvis was in the Army. He had Colonel Tom send a large wreath of yellow roses.

    In 1976, I was managing the Joe Ely Band. They had recorded a yet-to-be-released album for MCA Records. I was in Nashville to meet with the MCA execs. They wanted Joe to get a booking contract and mentioned some unheard of two-man shops. Bob Neal, Elvis’ first manager, had great success in talent managing and booking. He sold his agency to the William Morris Agency, the biggest booking agency in the world, and stayed on as president of the Nashville branch.

    I called the William Morris Agency and explained to the secretary that I did indeed know Bob Neal, as we had met at the Cotton Club in Lubbock, Texas when he was Elvis’ manager. He came right on the phone. I told him the Joe Ely Band played mostly the Cotton Club. He said that after loading up to leave there one night, a cowboy called Elvis over to his car and knocked him down. Elvis was in a rage. He made them drive all over Lubbock checking every open place, as they looked for the guy. Bob Neal invited me to come right over.

    Bob Neal played that now classic demo tape from Caldwell Studios and offered a booking contract. We agreed on a big music city strategy: Los Angeles, New York, Nashville, London, and Austin. Bob drove me back to MCA and they could not believe our good fortune. The man had been instrumental in the careers of Elvis, Carl Perkins, Johnny Cash, Roy Orbison, Johnny Rodriguez, and many others. The William Morris Agency sent the Joe Ely Band coast to coast and to Europe, first to front Merle Haggard, then on a second trip to front the Clash. The original Joe Ely Band were Lloyd Maines, steel guitar, Jesse Taylor, electric guitar, Steve Keeton, drums, and Gregg Wright, bass. Ponty Bone, on accordion, joined a little later. The band did the shows and the recording. The recorded tunes were originals from Joe Ely, Butch Hancock, and Jimmie Dale Gilmore.

    However, some of the William Morris bookings led to zig-zag travel over long distances to so-called listening clubs. When I complained to Bob Neal, he’d recall the 300 dates Elvis played back in 1955. Four guys in Elvis’ pink Cadillac. When Buddy made some money, he bought a pink Cadillac. Joe Ely bought a pristine 1957 pink Cadillac that was much nicer than either of their pink Cadillacs.

    When I’d hear from Bob Neal, it was very good news, especially the fantastic, uniformly-rave, album and performance reviews from newspapers and magazines everywhere. Time Magazine devoted a full page to Joe Ely. The earliest big rock critic to praise Joe Ely was Joe Nick Patoski, author of the definitive and critically-acclaimed Willie Nelson: An Epic Life. After one year, MCA was in turmoil. Big stars were leaving or filing lawsuits. We were told they might not renew the option to make a second record. MCA regularly fired everyone we liked. Bob Neal thought the band should go to Los Angeles for a one-nighter.

    He booked the Joe Ely Band into the best-known club on the West Coast, the Palomino, owned by his dear pal Tommy Thomas. We alerted other record companies. They drove back and forth to L.A. in a Dodge Van to play only one night. Robert Hilburn, the top rock critic for the Los Angeles Times, came with his date, Linda Ronstadt.

    The Joe Ely Band loved to play music. They started on time, took short breaks, and played until someone made them stop. Robert Hilburn wrote that Ely could be, "the most important male singer to emerge in country music since the mid-60s crop of Waylon Jennings, Merle Haggard, and Willie Nelson". The long review with pictures took up the whole fine arts section of the biggest newspaper in the country. Hilburn praised each of the band individually. He was blown away when they just kept playing when the lights came on at closing time. After that, several major record companies were interested.

    The last time I saw Bob Neal was at the Old Waldorf in San Francisco on February 22, 1979. Little Pete, a black dwarf who was always around Stubb’s Bar-B-Q, was travelling with the band. To open the show, Little Pete came out and announced, "Lubbock, Texas, produces the Joe Ely Band!" Then he jumped off the elevated stage and Bo Billingsley, the giant roady, caught him. Bob Neal, the old showman that had seen it all, just loved that.

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    Comment from Anthony Holden
    Time: February 3, 2009, 11:15 am

    Readers, Johnny Hughes is the author of the excellent poker novel TEXAS POKER WISDOM – which I quote on pp. 37-39 of HOLDEN ON HOLD’EM – and *highly* recommend.

    Comment from Johnny Hughes
    Time: February 3, 2009, 11:55 am

    Thanks, loads. I am still fact checking. Yesterday, I spent some time with Jack Neal and Larry Welborn, who were Buddy Holly’s earliest bandmates. I remembered Elvis, Bill Black, and Scotty Moore from their live performance at Johnson Connelly Pontiac show room. They wanted some beer in a dry town, and I did a bit of bootlegging at the Cotton Club. The internet said Buddy Holly also sang at the Pontiac dealership, but I didn’t remember it that way so I left it out.

    I am not a good enough writer to convey what a fine, nice fellow Buddy Holly was. Peggy Sue has written a lying book saying Buddy was in love with her. Maria Elena, the widow, is much hated in our home town of Lubbock, because she has blocked our music festivals. Natalie Maines, also of Lubbock, is also hated here for her true remarks in England. Everyone hates Bill Griggs, the historian. Buddy’s surviving brothers, the surviving early Crickets, Joe B. and Jerry, alll hate each other and they hate Peggy Sue, Maria Elena, and Bill Griggs. Nobody really likes each other except Joe B. and Jerry. It is a soap opera. The music did not die!

    Comment from Anthony Holden
    Time: February 4, 2009, 12:13 am

    No, the music will never die, Johnny – and today, the 50th anniversary of Buddy’s death, is the perfect date to celebrate it. I myself remember the day vividly, as my 11-year-old self (just half Buddy’s age) heard the stunning news on my way into dinner at my boarding school in North Wales, then crossed the room during the meal to tell a Buddy-loving friend – and wound up getting caned for this breach of school rules by the dire, Dickensian headmaster. Those Buddy left behind may alas have wound up hating each other, as you say, but the entire world still loves Buddy’s music – and surely always will.

    Comment from Johnny Hughes
    Time: February 4, 2009, 3:53 pm

    Yesterday, there were panels and events at the Buddy Holly Center here in Lubbock, Texas. Folks from England come here all the time. There were also folks from Australia, Germany, Scotland, and many of the lesser states.

    Frankly, this is a great place to live, but I wouldn’t want to visit here. I did radio on three stations a couple of days, and arranged a very moving interview with Larry Holley, Buddy’s brother. It made Buddy very real to hear about him at the age you were getting caned. They whupped us with a board. He told one of the few Holley stories, I had not heard. Norman Petty, the arch-villian, had put out a single with two sides. Buddy was laying tile for his brother and broke and “blue” They could not get Norman on the phone, so they called the New York contact to be told “That’ll Be the Day” was a hit and that they “were dancing in the streets of New York.” He said he would send Buddy $500, and Buddy didn’t go back to work, ever.

    The English visitors always know more about Buddy Holly and music in general than the folks from Buddy’s home town.

    When I managed Joe Ely, the first thing I wanted was to get them to England. Both Buddy and Joe gained this fantastic reception in England. Joe went first to front Merle Haggard. The Clash came to see them at a club, because of Buddy. Then Joe went back to tour fronting the Clash. Then the Clash came to Lubbock and played with Joe Ely several places in the lesser states.

    The Clash! Just wow, that’s all. They came here with a minor herd of cockneys. Given our accent and their’s, our slang and their’s, communication had a jello quality.

    Joe took them out to Buddy Holly’s grave in the middle of the night. A herd of cockneys’ all dressed in black and red. If the badass West Texas laws would have caught them, they’d just now be getting out of a prison. They wrote a song about O.A. Weir, Buddy’s uncle, who is buried next to him. The premise being poor Mr. Weir, folks stand on his grave all the time. I’ll go by Buddy’s grave this morning. Good bird watching. The tourists will leave weird things. Guitar players put the last guitar pick they used in the dirt.

    We always, always have the thirty-year old rumor Paul McCartney is coming and that helps draw a crowd. The way I do that is to call all the hotels and ask if he is registered and if they would tell me if he was. I ask radio stations if they have heard the rumor. They had the same rumor up in Clear Lake. I do wish he’d come. He passed though Amarillo, 140 miles north of us last summer. By now, if he comes, no one will believe it.

    Johnny Hughes

    Comment from Jennifer (txmomof3)
    Time: April 26, 2009, 6:54 pm

    Hi Johnny,
    I very randomly came across Letter to Laredo this morning, listened to it again for the first time in years, and wrote a blog entry about it. When I googled Joe Ely, I found your entry here and thought you might get a kick out of it.
    I love hearing about your experiences with these legends. Amazing.
    Thank you,

    Comment from Gugel
    Time: May 1, 2009, 2:40 am

    You ranked 58th for the top 100 poker blogs. Congrats :)

    Comment from Jennifer (txmomof3)
    Time: May 2, 2009, 6:03 pm

    Johnny’s computer is acting up but he sent me an email asking that I post this reply here:

    Thanks to everyone. As a West Texas redneck, I am especially proud of the kind words I received from Anthony Holden. I emailed my kinfolks, old friends, gamblers, and the Democratic Party in these parts a link to Master Holden’s impressive wikipedia page, if you have not seen it.

    The Flatlanders: Joe Ely, Jimmie Dale Gilmore, and Butch Hancock are touring to support a new CD entitled Hills and Valleys. The reviews are fantastic! These gentlemen all have impressive solo careers, especially Joe Ely. The Flatlanders debut album was in 1972. The critics say this is their best work as a group since that legendary, historic album. They have departed from their usual method of solo writing to collaborate on most of the songs. It worked! Check it out on search or Amazon.

    Johnny Hughes

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